Notes from Jim Marrs book Crossfire, Part III AFTERMATH, Section Dallas
Dallas police blocking the nearby intersections with no orders to the contrary— recall the eight-minute disruption of the Dallas police radio motorcade channel during the time of the shooting—released traffic, which began pouring through the crime scene.
There was no shortage of lawmen as nearly twenty sheriffs deputies, following sheriff Bill Decker’s orders, ran to the railroad yards behind the Grassy Knoll.
It is significant to recall that James Tague, who was slightly wounded when a bullet fragment struck the Main Street curb near the Triple Underpass, last spoke with deputy sheriff Buddy Walthers before having to move his car…12:40 p.m.
Captain Will Fritz…told the Warren Commission he began making detailed notes after hearing of the assignation at the Trade Mart.
Recall that witness Ed Hoffman was able to drive from Stemmons Freeway to the railroad yards behind the Depository, circle the area, and leave unchallenged.
The point is that there was no effective containment of the crime scene or of the Depository for at least ten minutes—and perhaps as much as twenty-eight minutes—after the shooting.
By the time it was determined that Oswald was gone (from the Texas School Book Depository) —about 2:30 p.m.—he was already in police custody.
…Dallas Morning News reporter Kent Biffle,
Note: A reporter for The Dallas Morning News, [Homer Kent] Biffle was one of the only journalists inside the Texas School Book Depository while investigators gathered evidence on the sixth floor of the building. He later covered Jim Garrison’s New Orleans investigation for Newsweek magazine. In 1959, as a reporter for the Fort Worth Press, he wrote stories about Lee Harvey Oswald’s defection and tried to reach Oswald by telephone in Moscow. Recorded June 28, 1993. Mr. Biffle passed away on August 23, 2015.
News cameraman Harry Cabluck photographed the scene and recalled seeing more than one gouge in the ground. He, too, was told that a bullet had struck there. One photograph of the slug even appeared in the November 23, 1963, edition of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, with the caption: ASSASSIN’S BULLET: One of the rifle bullets…lies in the grass across Elm…
Note: Harry Cabluck career has spanned more than fifty years — forty of which were spent at the AP. He was in the presidential motorcade on that balmy day in November 1963 when John F. Kennedy was shot
Other witnesses to the bullet marks on the south side of Elm Street were Wayne and Edna Hartman, who were in Dallas for jury duty. After hearing shots in Dealey Plaza, the couple “ran like the devil” down to the grassy middle area of the plaza. Mrs. Hartman told this author:
Edna, “What are these two mole hills?”
Policeman, “Oh no, ma’am, that’s where the bullets struck the ground.”
Edna, “…people were telling us the bullets came from over there (Grassy Knoll).”
If one or more bullet slugs were in the grass, what happened to them? What role did an extra slug play in the assassination?
…the bullet in question landed inches away from the manhole cover…Later on the day of the assassination, the Stemmons Freeway sign, which according to some bystanders was struck by a bullet, disappeared. It is missing in photographs made in Dealey Plaza the next day.
In 2004 the Asahi Television Network of Japan procured two separate copies of the Zapruder film, both of which contained approximately six frames missing from the copies shown around the world to the public…in the missing frames…a small hole appears in the Stemmons sign…this is a bullet hole.
In 1974, Richard Lester, using a metal detector, discovered a bullet fragment on the far south side of Dealey Plaza just east of the Triple Underpass.
Note- a bullet fragment found in 1974 near the triple overpass in Dealey Plaza by Richard Lester. (52) Lester turned it over to the FBI on December 1, 1976, requesting that an analysis be conducted to determine if it might be connected with the assassination. (53) The FBI laboratory obtained from the National Archives the bullets test-fired in the Mannlicher-Carcano rifle in 1963, and on July 28, 1977, examined the bullet fragment and compared it to the Mannlicher-Carcano test-fired bullets. (54) The laboratory determined that both the Lester bullet and the test-fired bullets were 6.5 millimeter caliber, but the Lester bullet was found to be a jacketed, soft- point or jacketed, hollow-point sporting bullet, whereas the Mannlicher-Carcano bullet was to be a full metal-jacketed, military-type. Although the rifling impressions were similar, four lands and grooves, right twist, the widths of the land and groove impressions were found to vary by about 0.01 inch. The individual identifying characteristics were found to be different. Thus, the laboratory concluded that there was no indication the Lester bullet had been fired from the Mannlicher-Carcano rifle. (55) The laboratory returned the test-fired bullets to the Archives (56) and the fragment to Lester at the completion of its examination. (57) The select committee obtained the bullet from Lester on November 10, 1977. (58)
An intact .45-caliber bullet was discovered in May 1976 by Hal Luster
Note: A whole, unfired .45 caliber bullet was found in 1976 by Hal Luster by > the concrete retaining wall on the knoll (Dallas Morning News, > December 23, 1978).
Dean Morgan of Lewisville, a suburb of Dallas, related that in 1975
Note: Dean Morgan: In 1975 a maintenance man named Morgan, while working on the roof of the County Records Building in Dealey Plaza, found a 30.06 shell casing lying under a lip Of roofing tar at the base Of the roof’s parapet on the side facing the plaza, according to his son, Dean Morgan. The shell casing is dated 1953 and marks on it indicate it was made at the Twin Cities Arsenal. One side of the casing has been pitted by exposure to the weather, suggesting that it was exposed on the roof for some time. The casing, which is still in Morgan’s possession, has an odd crimp around its neck (Marrs 317; Roberts 80-81
According to Morgan, his father, while searching for water leaks, discovered a 30.06-caliber shell casing
The shell casing is dated 1953 and marks indicate it was manufactured at the Twin Cities Arsenal.
Rifle experts have explained to Morgan that this is evidence that a sabot may have been used to fire ammunition from a 30.06 rifle.
In other words, assassination conspirators could have fired 6.5-millimeter bullets from the Oswald rifle into water, recovered them, then reloaded them into the more accurate and powerful 30.06 with the use of a sabot—which is held in place by crimping the cartridge.
…a member of the anticommunist Minutemen organization, led by Missouri biochemist Robert DePugh,
Note: DePugh said several days…maybe as much as a week after the shooting he got a large envelope in the mail from the Dallas area. One of his members (he refused to identify the man) wrote Bob that several days after the assassination he was taking a slow walk around the plaza and happened upon a small circular piece of plastic in the grass at which he picked up, pocketed and then walked away…in case anyone was watching.
…a college student named Billy Harper …
Note: Billy Harper, who discovered the piece of bone when he was in Dealey Plaza on November 23rd taking pictures, took the fragment to his uncle, a Dr. Jack C. Harper, and Dr. Harper took the bone to Methodist Hospital where it was examined by Dr. A. B. Cairns, who was chief pathologist. Cairns opinion was that “the bone specimen looked like it came from the occipital region of the skull.”
Richard Carr, …
Note: After the war Carr worked as a steel construction worker in Dallas. On 22nd November 1963, Carr was working on the seventh floor of the new courthouse building on the corner of Houston Street in Dealey Plaza. Just before President John F. Kennedy was shot Carr saw a heavy-set man with horn-rimmed glasses and a tan sport jacket on the sixth floor of the Texas Book Depository.
James R. Worrell Jr.,
Note: A man and woman in their 20’s became Dallas’ 115th and 116th traffic fatalities of the year Saturday when they were killed in a motorcycle accident shortly before 2:30 p.m. in the 2100 block Of Gus Thomasson. Dead in arrival at Parkland Hospital was James R. Worrell Jr., 23, of 13510 Winterhaven, Farmers Branch, operator of the motorcycle. His passenger, Miss Karron Lee Hudgins, 22, of 9756 Skyview, died shortly after arrival at Parkland. Both suffered severe head and internal injuries.
Note: Shirley Martin also interviewed Acquilla Clemons who had also seen the events around the killing of J. D. Tippit. As John Kelin, the author of Praise from a Future Generation (2007), has pointed out: ‘As Shirley Martin, accompanied by her children, interviewed Acquilla Clemons. Mrs. Martin was not at all confident that she would be granted the interview, so her daughter Vickie carried a tape recorder hidden in her purse. Vickie later transcribed the surreptitious recording of their conversation with Mrs. Clemons, and the tape was passed on to Mark Lane. As they prepared for the interview, the Martins did not yet know that, like Helen Markham, Acquilla Clemons had been visited by menacing authorities who advised her not to talk about what she had seen.” At first Clemons refused to answer questions but eventually confirmed that two men were involved in the killing.
Note: Four witnesses of varying degrees of credibility, Gordon Arnold, Cheryl McKinnon, Lee Bowers, and Ed Hoffman, also claimed to have experienced shots or other sinister activity on the grassy knoll.
Page: 309 Sandy Speaker,
Note: “It has also been suggested that [Howard] Brennan, like a number of other witnesses, was pressured into changing his story. His job foreman, Sandy Speaker, told author Jim Marrs, “They took [Brennan] off for about three weeks. I don’t know if they were Secret Service or FBI, but they were federal people. He came back a nervous wreck and within a year his hair had turned snow white. He wouldn’t talk about
after that. He was scared to death. They made him say what they wanted him to say.” (Marrs, Crossfire, p. 26) Whether Speaker’s story is true or not, it is interesting to note that years later Brennan refused to cooperate with the HSCA.
Note: Howard Leslie Brennan (March 20, 1919 — December 22, 1983) was a witness to the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963. According to the Warren Commission, Brennan’s description of a sniper he saw was probative in reaching the conclusion that the shots came from the sixth floor, southeast corner window of the Texas School Book Depository Building. Indicating that Epstein wrote that Warren Commission attorney Joseph Ball told him that he was “extremely dubious” about Brennan’s testimony and that Brennan was unable to discern a figure in the building’s sixth floor window, Gavzer and Moody quoted Ball denying that he had made those statements about Brennan. They also noted that Lane wrote about Brennan’s statement to the Commission that he had poor eyesight, but that Lane did not mention that Brennan testified he was farsighted at the time Of the assassination nor did he emphasize that the vision loss Brennan sustained occurred two months after the assassination.
A. J. Millican.
Note: A. J. Millican, who testified
that: Just after the President’s car passed, I heard three shots come from up
toward Houston and Elm right by the Book Depository Building, and then
immediately I heard two more shots come from the Arcade between the Book Store
and the Underpass, and then three more shots came from the same direction only sounded
further back. (Decker Exhibit 5323, 19H486) Millican also testified
that: “A man standing on the South side of Elm Street, was either hit in
the foot, or the ankle and fell down.” (ibid.)
 Sabot: a device which ensures the correct positioning of a bullet or shell in the barrel of a gun, attached either to the projectile or inside the barrel and falling away as it leaves the muzzle.