In R.L. Wing’s book the Tao of Power, verse 8, Noncompetitve Values, there are lines that appear in no other translation in the form Mr. Wing has presented.
The lines are:
- The value in a dwelling is location.
- The value in a mind is depth.
- The value in relations is benevolence.
- The value in a words is sincerity.
- The value in leadership is order.
- The value in work is competence.
- The value in effort is timeliness.
Wing, in his commentary on this verse tells us how to achieve these 7 noncompetitive values:
- To achieve location one must know the whole.
- To achieve depth one must know its possibility.
- To achieve benevolence one must comprehend human nature.
- To achieve sincerity one must know inner truth.
- To achieve order one must know the entire structure.
- To achieve competence one must know the results of a perfectly executed task.
- To achieve timeliness one must hold in mind both the past and the fututre.
I am reviewing this verse for the thousandth time and I recognize things which I never did before. First, number 4, I couldn’t fully grasp what Wing meant by Inner Truth. Now I completely understand that I can not be sincere in my words unless I understand the truth within myself and the motivation in my words. It’s about those things that can only be known by me and those things are ingrediants of sincerity, not the words but the meaning. The words, whether accurate or not, have no value unless they are directly mapped back to the truth within that no one else can know. When one can accomplish this, one can have words of value because one speaks sincerity from the inner truth known secretly to oneself and revealed to others in simple words.
The other revelation is that of the the principles that lie at the base of Taoist thought and philosophy. Wu Wei is very much involved in the achievement of timeliness because nonaction is the best course to take when the time is past or time has not yet arrived. The caution on timeliness is that one must be aware of the Path: everything eventually takes the path of least resistence; Polarity: every ascent has a descent in its future and every descent has an ascent in its future; The Pattern: each event begins in the dead season of winter when seeds lie dormant, some are planted in the spring and some come to life, some of the living grow and develop in the long harsh summer of life, some of those that live to maturity come to be harvested in the fall and the timeliness of that some can be assessed for that life’s effort at that time.